Abundant and diversified, fauna along the International Appalachian Trail - Quebec will surprise and charm you during your journey. Fauna, such as hoofed animals, birds, fish, etc. along the International Appalachian Trail is are an important part of a conservation site where we want to protect as well as feature our natural patrimony.The vegetation along this sea of mountains which is the International Appalachian Trail is, of course, huge softwood forests. But, it is also this particular vegetation which is called mountain TUNDRA or treeless land. It is also an immense floral network which edges the Trail at all times.
Woodland caribou are the main attraction of the IAT-Quebec. In fact, its mere presence south of the St-Lawrence is an exceptional phenomenon. These two hundred heads are the last individuals belonging to herds originally living South of Quebec as well as in the Northeast of the United-States.
Woodland caribou population underwent several fluctuations over the centuries. When Gaspesie Park was first created in 1937, 1 000 caribou were present. But numerous factors are the cause for the decline of the population. Increased predation, triggered by resource exploitation that fails to take caribou needs into account, along with diseases, are the main reasons for the decline of woodland caribou.
To protect as well as maintain what is left of the herd, please stay on the trail whenever you hike on mountains. Since woodland caribou have a poor vision, it is preferable not to move if you see one. The woodland caribou is curious and it doesn't mind the staring. Your inquisitiveness will be satisfied and the animal will feel safe.
The Gaspesie sector of the International Appalachian Trail is also set apart because it is the only place in Quebec where you can find three.
Wherever we are, whatever we do, we will always see and listen to birds. On the International Appalachian Trail, we counted about 140 different bird species because of the diversity of habitats.
The water pipit, the grey-cheeked thrush and the horned lark are well represented on summits. But, we also can spot golden eagles, harlequin ducks, spruce grouse and black-backed woodpeckers.
Amphibians and Reptiles
More discrete, these small animals can be heard or seen rather easily in spring (for the period of reproduction) and during hot and rainy nights of the summer. The American clamping plate is the most abundant species, but one can meet the striped grass snake also there, several species of frogs and the salamanders of which the mottled salamander.
One of the reasons of the creation of the park of Gaspésie in 1937 was the safeguarding of Atlantic Salmon of the Sainte-Anne river. In addition to this species, let us mention the presence of the omble of fountain (mouchetée trout), of the touladis (gray trout) and the shade knight (red trout). This last species is particular, because the few individuals present in certain lakes bordering the International Appalachian Trail are the vestiges of a population dating from the end of the last glaciation.