Leave No Trace Principles
Leave No Trace outdoor ethics principles form the framework of Leave No Trace Canada's messages:
In addition to this, you need to know more about it.
Know the regulations and the particularities of the place visited.
Prepare for inclement weather, emergencies, etc.
Plan your outings during periods of low attendance.
Explore in small groups of 4 to 6 people.
Repack the food; minimize waste.
Use maps and compass to eliminate the use of cairns, ribbons and other marks of paint.
Look for existing trails, rock slabs, gravel, dry grass, and snow.
Protect the banks of watercourses; camp more than 70 meters from lakes and rivers.
A good camping site can be found, it cannot be made. Altering a site is not necessary.
In frequented areas:
Use designated trails and campsites.
Walk single file through the middle of the trail, even if it is muddy or wet.
Be careful not to expand your camp. Concentrate your activity where vegetation is absent.
In wild areas:
Spread out to avoid creating new campsites or trails.
Avoid areas that have had a recent impact so as not to damage it further.
Win what you bring. Inspect the stopover and camping places; do not leave any garbage, leftover food or rubbish.
Place human excreta in 6 to 8-inch deep holes dug more than 70 meters from any camp, trail, or water source. Camouflage the area after backfilling the hole.
Take back used toilet paper and hygiene products.
Carry soiled water from dishes and personal hygiene 70 meters from any stream or lake and spread it on the ground. Use a minimal amount of biodegradable soap.
Preserve our heritage: do not touch historical and cultural objects, observe them.
Leave stones, plants and all natural objects as found.
Avoid picking and transporting plants.
Do not build structures or furniture. Do not dig trenches.
Campfires have an irreparable impact on the landscape. Pack a small stove and opt for a candle lantern to light you up.
Where fires are permitted, use places that have already been used, fire sheets or earth embankments.
Build small fires using only dead wood collected from the ground that can be broken by hand.
Reduce all wood and embers to ashes. Extinguish each fire completely and scatter the cooled ashes.
Observe wildlife from a distance. Do not follow or approach wild animals.
Never feed wild animals. This can harm their health, alter their behavior, expose them to predators and other dangers.
Protect wildlife and your food by putting your rations and garbage in a safe place.
Take control of your pets or leave them at home.
Avoid disturbing the fauna during sensitive periods of reproduction, nesting, when the young are growing or during the winter.
Be respectful of other visitors and care about the quality of their experience.
Be courteous. Leave the way to others on the trail.
Leave the trail and stand near it when horse hikers pass.
Stop and camp away from any trail and other users.
Avoid speaking loudly and making noise; pay attention to the sounds of nature.